Alcohol enters the bloodstream very quickly after being consumed. Once in the bloodstream, the alcohol can very easily be absorbed by nearly every biological tissue in the body. The amount of alcohol present in the blood stream is called blood alcohol concentration.
Alcohol affects every person when consumed, regardless of age, gender, height, or weight. However, these things can affect how quickly the alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream, to what degree alcohol affects a person, and how quickly the body can metabolize the alcohol.
The following are generally considered a standard drink, which all contain about the same amount of alcohol content:
- 12 ounces of beer
- 5 ounces of wine
- 1.5 ounces of 80-proof hard liquor or spirits (one shot)